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Volume 10, issue 1
Web Ecol., 10, 15–22, 2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Web Ecol., 10, 15–22, 2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  15 Feb 2010

15 Feb 2010

Germination traits of three weed species in Kosovo

A. Mehmeti1,2, A. Demaj2, and R. Waldhardt1 A. Mehmeti et al.
  • 1Landscape Ecology and Landscape Planning, Justus-Liebig-Univ. Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 26–32, 35392 Giessen, Germany
  • 2Plant Protection, Univ. of Prishtina, Bill Clinton p. n., 10000 Prishtina, Kosovo

Abstract. Amaranthus retroflexus, Echinochloa crus-galli and Datura stramonium are the most important weed species in Kosovo. They cause severe yield depression, contaminate fodder and negatively affect growth and reproduction of other weed species. To counteract these problems, specific strategies need to be developed. Such strategies should consider information on species germination traits. In this context, our study provides information on temperature requirements for germination. Seeds of A. retroflexus, E. crus-galli and D. stramonium were harvested in two sub-regions of Kosovo (western and eastern parts) differing in climate and land use. They were set for germination experiments in growth chambers at temperatures ranging from 3 to 35 °C and under field conditions. In both experiments, the germination rate differed between species and provenances. In the growth chamber experiment, germination of all three species was negligible below 15 °C and reached the highest rates between 24 and 30 °C. Seeds originating from the western part of Kosovo had higher germination rates and required a lower temperature for germination than seeds originating from the eastern part. In the field experiment, the time-dependent germination behaviour of D. stramonium differed between provenances. In general, germination started when soil temperature was above 18 °C and continued as long as the soil was moist. The results are discussed in the context of the need to develop weed management strategies against these weeds in Kosovo.

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