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Volume 10, issue 1
Web Ecol., 10, 50–57, 2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Web Ecol., 10, 50–57, 2010
© Author(s) 2010. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  30 Dec 2010

30 Dec 2010

The role of arbuscular mycorrhizae in primary succession: differences and similarities across habitats

Z. Kikvidze1, C. Armas2, K. Fukuda1, L. B. Martínez-García2, M. Miyata1, A. Oda-Tanaka1, F. I. Pugnaire2, and B. Wu3 Z. Kikvidze et al.
  • 1Dept. of Natural Environment, Univ. of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, 2778563 Chiba, Japan
  • 2Estación Experimental de Zonas Áridas, CSIC, Almería, Spain
  • 3Dept. of Forest Ecology, Univ. of Tokyo, Yayoi 1-1-1 Bunkyo-ku, 1138657 Tokyo, Japan

Abstract. Primary succession is an ecological process of fundamental importance referring to the development of vegetation on areas not previously occupied by a plant community. The bulk of knowledge on primary succession comes from areas affected by relatively recent volcanic eruptions, and highlights the importance of symbiosis between host plants and fungi for the initial stages of succession. Arbuscular mycorrhizas (AM) are of particular interest as they are often present from the very beginning of primary succession and because they show different relationships with pioneer and late-successional species, which suggests they may be involved in important, yet unknown, ecological mechanisms of succession. We review existing knowledge based on case studies from the volcanic desert of Mount Fuji, Japan, where primary succession was examined intensively and which represents one of the best-known cases on the role of AM in primary succession. We also assess the potential of sand dunes and semi-arid, erosion-prone systems for addressing the role of mycorrhizas in primary succession. Analyzing primary succession under different ecological systems is critical to understand the role of AM in this basic process. While volcanoes and glaciers are restricted to particular mountainous areas, naturally eroded areas and sand dunes are more common and easily accessible, making them attractive models to study primary succession.

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