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Volume 2, issue 1
Web Ecol., 2, 7–13, 2001
https://doi.org/10.5194/we-2-7-2001
© Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.
Web Ecol., 2, 7–13, 2001
https://doi.org/10.5194/we-2-7-2001
© Author(s) 2001. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

  15 Feb 2001

15 Feb 2001

Edge effect on carabid assemblages along forest-grass transects

T. Magura1, B. Tóthmérész2, and T. Molnár1 T. Magura et al.
  • 1Dept. of Zoology, Kossuth L. Univ., Debrecen, P.O. Box 3, 4010, Hungary
  • 2Ecological Institute, Kossuth L. Univ., Debrecen, P.O. Box 71, 4010 Hungary

Abstract. During 1997 and 1998, we have tested the edge-effect for carabids along oak-hornbeam forest-grass transects using pitfall traps in Hungary. Our hypothesis was that the diversity of carabids will be higher in the forest edge than in the forest interior. We also focused on the characteristic species of the habitats along the transects and the relationships between their distribution and the biotic and abiotic factors.

Our results proved that there was a significant edge effect on the studied carabid communities: the Shannon diversity increased significantly along the transects from the forest towards the grass. The diversity of the carabids were significantly higher in the forest edge and in the grass than in the forest interior. The carabids of the forest, the forest edge and the grass are separated from each other by principal coordinates analysis and by indicator species analysis (IndVal), suggesting that each of the three habitats has a distinct species assemblages. There were 5 distinctive groups of carabids: 1) habitat generalists, 2) forest generalists, 3) species of the open area, 4) forest edge species, and 5) forest specialists. It was demonstrated by multiple regression analyses, that the relative air moisture, temperature of the ground, the cover of leaf litter, herbs, shrubs and canopy cover, abundance of the carabids’ preys are the most important factors determining the diversity and spatial pattern of carabids along the studied transects.

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