Articles | Volume 20, issue 2
Review article
09 Jul 2020
Review article |  | 09 Jul 2020

Invasiveness, ecological impacts and control of acacias in southwestern Europe – a review

Cristina Vieites-Blanco and Serafín J. González-Prieto

Related subject area

Invasive ecology
Genetic diversity and differentiation of invasive Acacia longifolia in Portugal
Sara Vicente, Cristina Máguas, and Helena Trindade
Web Ecol., 18, 91–103,,, 2018
Short summary

Cited articles

Aedo, C., Buira, A., Medina, L., and Fernández-Albert, M.: The Iberian Vascular Flora: Richness, Endemicity and Distribution Patterns, in: The Vegetation of the Iberian Peninsula, edited by: Loidi, J., Plant and Vegetation 12, Springer, 2017. 
AEMET-IMP: Iberian climate atlas. Air temperature and precipitation (1971–2000), Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino, Madrid, 80 pp., 2011. 
Aguiar, F. C., Ferreira, M. T., and Moreira, I.: Exotic and native vegetation establishment following channelization of a western Iberian river, Regul. River, 17, 509–526,, 2001. 
Aguilera, N., Becerra, J., Villaseñor-Parada, C., Lorenzo, P., González, L., and Hernández, V.: Effects and identification of chemical compounds released from the invasive Acacia dealbata Link, Chem. Ecol., 31, 479–493, 2015. 
Alpert, P., Bone, E., and Holzapfel, C.: Invasiveness, invasibility and the role of environmental stress in the spread of non-native plants, Perspect. Plant Ecol., 3, 52–66,, 2000. 
Short summary
Invasive acacias are spreading in Iberia, harming ecosystems. We did a bibliographic search of acacia invasions in S Europe and used spatial data on their distribution and abiotic parameters in Iberia – Acacia dealbata and A. melanoxylon prefer acid soils and warm and humid areas with high fire incidence, while A. saligna prefers neutral soils in the driest and warmest areas. Several acacias outcompete native shrubs partly thanks to enemy release, so biocontrol agent introduction can be useful.