Articles | Volume 20, issue 2
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Standard article
23 Sep 2020
Standard article |  | 23 Sep 2020

Identifying social–ecological gaps to promote biocrust conservation actions

María D. López-Rodríguez, Sonia Chamizo, Yolanda Cantón, and Emilio Rodriguez-Caballero

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Cited articles

Abson, D. J., von Wehrden, H., Baumgaertner, S., Fischer, J., Hanspach, J., Haerdtle, W., Heinrichs, H., Klein, A. M., Lang, D. J., Martens, P., and Walmsley, D.: Ecosystem services as a boundary object for sustainability, Ecol. Econ., 103, 29–37,, 2014. 
Alexander, R. W. and Calvo, A.: The influence of lichens on slope processes in someSpanish badlands, in: Vegetation and Erosion, edited by: Thornes, J. B., John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Chichester, England, 385–398, 1990. 
Ballesteros, M., Ayerbe, J., Casares, M., Cañadas, E. M., and Lorite, J.: Successful lichen translocation on disturbed gypsum areas: A test with adhesives to promote the recovery of biological soil crusts, Sci. Rep., 7, 1–9,, 2017. 
Ban, N. C., Mills, M., Tam, J., Hicks, C. C., Klain, S., Stoeckl, N., Bottrill, M. C., Levine, J., Pressey, R. L., Satterfield, T., and Chan, K. M. A.: A social-ecological approach to conservation planning: Embedding social considerations, Front. Ecol. Environ., 11, 194–202,, 2013. 
Bastida, F., Jehmlich, N., Ondoño, S., von Bergen, M., García, C. and Moreno, J. L.: Characterization of the microbial community in biological soil crusts dominated by Fulgensia desertorum (Tomin) Poel., and Squamarina cartilaginea (With.) P. Jame., and in the underlying soil, Soil Biol. Biochem., 76, 70–79,, 2014. 
Short summary
Biocrusts are a key component in Spanish drylands, where their ecological relevance has been widely studied. However, by doing a literature review, we found that the social dimension of their role still remains unexplored. This may hinder biocrusts and their benefits from being known and understood by the policy community and the general public. Thus, we identified social–ecological knowledge gaps and proposed new research areas that need to be addressed to advance towards biocrust conservation.
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